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Inter-sectoral Strategic Dilemmas of Sustainable Development

Configuring strategic dilemmas in intersectoral dialogue

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See commentary and significance of 2-domain dilemma codes (Fig. 1b) used in the table below, as well as use of 3-domain codes in its icosidodecahedral representation (Fig. 3A and 3B). These are all parts of a separate report (Configuring Globally and Contending Locally: shaping the global network of local bargains by decoding and mapping Earth Summit inter-sectoral issues, 1992, 5 mb PDF). For other tables on strategies see: confidence ploys; value-based; typology for sustainable development; Chinese strategems
Fig. 1a: Inter-sectoral Strategic Dilemmas of Sustainable Development
Privileged  function 
 

Constrained function

Population Security 

P

Well-being Health 

W

Learning 
Education 

L

Production Trade 

T

Environment Impacts 

E

Regulation Equity 

R

UN Bodies Sectors
Population/Relief Security/Peace 
Vulnerable groups 
Women/Youth
P
Sacrifice of one population group for another?
PP
Sacrifice of population relief/growth for well- being of population?
WP
Sacrifice of population relief/growth for ducation, research, etc?
LP
Sacrifice of population relief/growth for economic growth?
TP
Sacrifice of 
population relief/growth for environment?
E
P
Sacrifice of population relief/growth for equity?
RP
UNFPA, UNV 

Security Cl 

UNICEF, UNHCR 

INSTRAW

Relief 

Military,Peace 

Indigenous 

Women,Youth

Well-being/Health 
Employment (condit.) 
Quality of life 
Welfare/Fulfilment
W
Sacrifice of well-being (+jobs) for population relief/growth?
PW
Sacrifice of one form of well-being for another?
WW
Sacrifice of well-being (+jobs) for education, research?
LW
Sacrifice of well-being (+jobs) for economic growth?
TW
Sacrifice of well-being (+jobs) for environment?
E
W
Sacrifice of well-being (+jobs) for equity?
RW
WHO 

ILO 

HABITAT,UNRISD

Health 

Labour 

Religions

Learning/Education 
Science/Research 
Culture/Arts/Lang. 
Inform./Communic.
L
Sacrifice of education (+culture) for population relief/growth?
PL
Sacrifice of education (+culture) for well-being?
WL
Sacrifice of one form of education for another?
LL
Sacrifice of education (+culture) for economic growth?
TL
Sacrifice of education (+culture) for environment?
E
L
Sacrifice of education (+culture) for equity?
RL
UNESCO, WIPO 

UNU, UNITAR 

UPU,ITU,ACCIS

Students 

Science 

Media/Information

Production/Trade 
Industry/Technology 
Agriculture/Fish. 
Energy/Mining
T
Sacrifice of production (+trade) for population relief/growth?
PT
Sacrifice ofproduction (+trade) for well-being?
WT
Sacrifice of production (+trade) for education, research?
LT
Sacrifice of one form of production for another?
TT
Sacrifice of production (+trade) for environment?
ET
Sacrifice of production (+trade) for equity?
RT
UNDP, UNCTAD 

UNIDO,GATT 

FAO,WFP,IFAD 

IAEA

Development 

Industry/ 

Commerce

Environment/Impact Ecosystems/Species 
Urban. / Transport 
Design/Landscaping
E
Sacrifice of environment for population relief/growth?
P
E
Sacrifice of environment for well- being?
W
E
Sacrifice of environment for education, research?
L
E
Sacrifice of environment for economic growth?
TE
Sacrifice of one environmental benefit for another?
EE
Sacrifice of environment for equity?
RE
UNEP, UNESCO 

HABITAT, WMO 

ICAO, IMO

Environment 

Conservation 

Architects

Regulation/Equity Govern./Mgt./Admin. Justice/Order 
Finance/Debt Mgt.
R
Sacrifice of equity for population relief/growth?
P
R
Sacrifice of equity for well-being?
WR
Sacrifice of equity for education, research, etc?
L
R
Sacrifice of equity for economic growth?
TR
Sacrifice of equity for environment?
E
R
Sacrifice of one form of equity for another?
RR
ECOSOC, ACC 

UNDP 

ICJ 

IBRD,IMF

NGO coalit. 

Law, Rights 

Finance/Banks

 
  • Column and row headings correspond to major clusters of functions essential to the sustainable development of society.
  • Words used to label the scope of clusters are necessarily inadequate at the level of generality indicated.
  • The clusters could be "unpacked" to give more columns and rows. Cluster label words would then become more specifically appropriate.
  • The cells of the table indicate fundamental dilemmas of sustainable development.
  • Sacrifices must be made in the process of change and transformation. The dilemma is the level of the sacrifice that is appropriate.
  • Sustainability is determined by the balance between the various forms of sacrifice and the constraints that they impose on one another.
  • The columns/rows can be thought of in terms of values, logics or languages which successively confront each other.
  • Sectors in right hand column are mainly those represented at the Rio de Janeiro Inter-Sectoral Dialogue

From Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential


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